Most of you have probably seen a plot diagram like the one below (from cast.org):
Plot analysis essentially means that you take the literature (like a novel) and break it down into a series of major or significant events. Plot analysis diagrams can also be helpful when creating a plot summary.
The diagram below is a more detailed plot analysis diagram known as Freytag's Pyramid (or Freytag's Triangle). The Pyramid shows the structure of a traditional five-act tragedy, although it can often be applied to other forms of prose and sometimes poetry.
Image from Kathleen King - www.isu.edu/